More China had reduced demand of their wheat

More than 800 million people live every day with hunger, or “food insecurity”.1 The reason to people still living with hunger is not because there is “insufficient production”1, which the world is not suffering from currently, but rather the product of poverty. Nutritional deficiencies have persisted as poor households cannot afford to buy nutritious foods and tools to grow enough for themselves.1 Droughts have also found to be one of the leading causes to hunger, as no rain has caused farmers to lose their crops and livestock. These droughts do not only affect the country with hunger, but also hurts them economically. For example, fears that drought might ruin the wheat crops in China had reduced demand of their wheat and them being the largest supplier of wheat sent shock waves through world markets.2 This type of natural disaster can be seen to be exacerbated due to poor farming practices such as overcropping and overgrazing.1 Better crop yields can be expected by following Norman Borlaug’s agricultural practices that helped double the wheat yields in Pakistan and India, and improved the food security in both nations.5

Currently, many countries in South Asia and Africa are suffering due to less amounts of food produced for consumption. By 2030, it is reported that if we do not start prioritizing agriculture and growing food in a more sustainable way, our demand for food will most likely outpace food production if the current rate remains the same.3 Evidently, the rate of agricultural productivity has to improve in many countries in order to sustain themselves in the future. If not, at the current rate of agricultural production growth in India, domestic production will only meet 59 percent of the country’s food demand by 2030.3 While there are countries that are suffering from being unable to be producing enough food for the populations, about 30 to 50 percent of the food produced in the world, equaling to about 2 billion tonnes, is wasted.4 UN predictions foreshadow that the world population could increase by an extra 3 billion by the end of the century, the growing pressures on basic human resources calls for a prompt action to address this waste.4

Crops that would suffer from pests and diseases would cause large losses for farmers, this called for the introduction of pesticides.6 Research over the years has been done in order to deem pesticides safe for both humans and the crops. But still to this day, even with all of the agricultural advancements, losses due to pests and diseases range from 10 to 90 percent.7