Today safety, economic efficiency and environmental protection. So

Today large
sizes of clean fuels are used in many countries, and there is a prospect of
widespread use of them in the future. The need to use alternative and renewable
fuels for oil and its products has begun to play a very important role in the
developed world. Biofuels, biogas, hydrogen, etc. can replace or supplement
fossil fuels. Biofuels are all solid, liquid and gaseous fuels derived from
biomass (renewable energy source).

 

The
chemical structure of biofuels can contrast similarly with the synthetic
structure of fossil fuels can vary. Generally, our advantage is in fluid
biofuels as they are anything but difficult to transport. The table beneath
contrasts different biofuels and their petroleum counterparts partners.

We Will Write a Custom Essay Specifically
For You For Only $13.90/page!


order now

 

Biofuel

Fossil Fuel

Differences

Ethanol

Gasoline/Ethane

Ethanol has about
half the energy per mass of gasoline, which means it takes twice as much
ethanol to get the same energy. Ethanol burns cleaner than gasoline, however,
producing less carbon monoxide. However, ethanol produces more ozone than gasoline
and contributes substantially to smog. Engines must be modified to run on
ethanol.

Biodiesel

Diesel

Has only slightly
less energy than regular diesel. It is more corrosive to engine parts than
standard diesel, which means engines have to be designed to take biodiesel.

It burns cleaner than diesel, producing less particulate and fewer sulfur
compounds.

Methanol

Methane

Methanol has about
one third to one half as much energy as methane. Methanol is a liquid and
easy to transport whereas methane is a gas that must be compressed for
transportation.

Biobutanol

Gasoline/Butane

Biobutanol has
slightly less energy than gasoline, but can run in any car that uses gasoline
without the need for modification to engine components.

Source (http://biofuel.org.uk/)

 

 

Economic,
social and, above all, environmental reasons require the replacement of fossil
fuels, since biofuels contribute to reducing emissions of hazardous pollutants
that have a significant impact on health and are responsible for global climate
change and, in particular, for greenhouse gases.

Biomass
production can contribute to local development, boosting agriculture and
creating new jobs, thus contributing to the development of a sustainable energy
system that ensures at the same time fuel safety, economic efficiency and
environmental protection.

 

So the idea
is that if BWTC start creating and use biofuels it could become an even more
sustainable example to the world. Unfortunately there is no publication about telling
that they are using biofuels but maybe it’s a future plan.

 

On one Hand:

 

Biofuels
generate 90% fewer hydrocarbon emissions and 50% less carbon dioxide emissions,
which is safer for our health. It is non-flammable and non-toxic and safe for
handling and touch.

The
benefits of cooking oils are that they can be mixed with regular oil and can be
operated with any diesel engine. So buildings can use it as a fuel for boilers
or their heaters.

By
converting the food and other organic waste from the building into clean
energy, bio-mechanisation creates fertilizer and methane gas. The gas can be
used to supply large gas engines to produce electricity.

Very high
percentage of the building will be used to construct the building to avoid
pollutants from conventional fuels, such as power-operated concrete mixers and
electric forklift trucks. The use of hydrogen has been studied is difficult at
present. As is well known, the use of fossil fuels in internal combustion
engines leads to the emission of hazardous pollutants that endanger public
health. Nitrogen oxides, and various volatile organic compounds and increased
carbon dioxide production, are threatening the atmosphere and therefore the use
of alternative energy sources such as hydrogen production seems to be the best
solution to avoid climate change and the greenhouse effect. Hydrogen is
theoretically the best fuel, without any environmental burden, because when it
is burned with oxygen it only forms water. Hydrogen can be used in automotive
engines, so greenhouse gases are not formed during its combustion, as opposed
to conventional pollutants that continually contaminate the atmosphere with
dangerous pollutants for health and the environment. In this way we will
achieve a reduction in air pollutants and noise in the wider area.

 

On the other hand:

 

Accepting
that we can defeat the issue of biofuels interfering with the food supply, (for
example, developing green growth in the sea), comes the question if we will be
able to beat the issue of a global-warming with the usage of biofuels. The
answer to that question might well be No.

 

The reality
of the matter is that biofuels create carbon dioxide, which is an intense ozone
harming substance and the one regularly rebuked for a dangerous atmospheric
devation. In any case, it is additionally obvious that developing plants
expends carbon dioxide. Subsequently, the condition turns into a
straightforward exercise in careful control. On the off chance that the plants
we develop use a similar measure of carbon dioxide that we deliver, at that
point we will have a net increment of zero and no a dangerous atmospheric
devation.

 

It sounds
like a basic matter to just deliver as much carbon dioxide as plants utilize. From
that we conclude that we will be able to just consume biofuels and in this way will
keep the equation adjusted. But, unfortunately, the math doesn’t exactly add
up. Research has demonstrated that creating crops and then changing them into
biofuels needs also energy, before any energy is acquired. A recent report from
Cornell University found that delivering ethanol from corn utilized nearly 30%
more energy than it created.

In simple
words, you can’t create an interminable movement machine utilizing biofuels because
you lose the energy you put in the machines into making them in. Generally you
can’t even break even.

 

9)

 

Public
Urban Transport is a key pillar in the day-to-day operation of urban areas
around the world. The use of public transport services contributes to the
day-to-day movements of citizens and visitors of a region and leads to the
reduction of urban traffic, which means reducing the number of private vehicles
and consequently congestion.

By aiming
to reduce energy consumption, emissions of air pollutants into the environment
and thus to create better traffic conditions, we contribute to improving
environmental conditions – reducing pollutants and upgrading the quality of
life.

 

Bahrain
World Trade Centre is located in the core of Manama’s business region. It
offers direct access to the Bahia’s primary courses, the King’s Faisal Highway.

The central area of the building is only a fifteen moment drive from the
airport which interfacing Bahrain to the world. Of course, near the building,
there are various public urban transports, which are offered to people so that
they can move around the country.

 

A Part of
the Ministry’s procedure is to improve the public transportation division
through provision of high level services to enhance the usage of the public transportation
by adding facilities like terminals and new transport stations to basically
help and enhance the standard and value of the bus-transport service.

 

 

 

10)

 

With the
current data, the car is an integral part of everyday life and development
itself as it is directly linked to the facilitation of travel with public
services and in general with every aspect and activity of the citizens. The use
of a private car leads to crowding out of public space and characterizes the
area by a lack of quality infrastructure for pedestrian and bicycle travel and
environmental degradation.

The ability
to cope and not to use a private car creates urban areas “free of
cars”. The implementation of measures to restrict private cars requires
the promotion of alternative means of transport. Such as extensive pedestrian
zones, an extensive network of city buses and fixed-track means (underground,
tramway) as well as a bicycle path network.

The above
alternative means of transport reduces air pollution from industrial and
transport activities. Secondly, noise pollution is reduced. Sound generated by
the use of motor vehicles is an important source of negative impacts for
network users, pedestrians and residents of the area. And thirdly, jamming and
cost-effectiveness.

 

Unfortunately, in the area of Bahrain world trade
center although there are a lot of public transports, the usage of cars is has
not been reduced much due to the reason that the stations available do not
include (mostly the local people) the destinations that they want to go. On the
other hand, tourists mostly use the public transports as it covers most of
their desirable destinations so slowly the problem may be solved by adding more
and more bus-routes

 

 

 

 

 

11)

 

It is noted
that in many countries, citizens show increased interest and implement
innovative practices to improve quality of life. They aim to promote cycling
and walking as an alternative means of transport. That is, they aim at
integrated interventions targeting cities without a car, a direction towards
sustainability.

Walking and
cycling helps reduce traffic congestion and brings further public health
benefits from reduced car use, thus reducing air pollution, carbon dioxide
emissions, noise and the overall level of traffic risk and at the same time
improves the human traffic system, allowing people to engage in a form of
healthy exercise during everyday life. Finally it causes an increase in the
number of people of all ages who are out on the streets, making public places
look more hospitable and safer, day and night, providing opportunities for
social interaction.

The
measures required to deal with wider walking or cycling influences should be
safe, convenient and enjoyable. This includes measures to reduce road hazards
and redistribute road space, recreation of public space to create a more
favorable environment, flexible transport and taxi systems, bus services,
express services, information and awareness raising. Finally, action in these
areas is particularly important in addressing health inequalities, including
disability-related issues.

 

Bahrain is
a big dusty country. Although people do cycling and walking the country is not
bicycle and walking friendly. Especially during the summer time, daytime is not
a good action no matter how prepared you are due to the reason that the
temperature is dangerously hot.

 

 

12)

 

It is noted
that in most countries, citizens show increased interest and implement
innovative practices to improve the quality of life. They aim to promote
cycling and walking as an alternative means of transport. That is, they aim at
integrated interventions targeting cities without a car, a direction towards
sustainability.

Walking and
cycling helps reduce traffic congestion and brings further public health
benefits from reduced car use, thus reducing air pollution, carbon dioxide
emissions, noise and the overall level of traffic risk and at the same time
improves the human traffic system, allowing people to engage in a form of
healthy exercise during everyday life. Finally it causes an increase in the
number of people of all ages who are out on the streets, making public places
look more hospitable and safer, day and night, providing opportunities for
social interaction.

The
measures required dealing with wider walking or cycling influences should be
safe, convenient and enjoyable. This includes measures to reduce road hazards
and redistribute road space, recreation of public space to create a more
favorable environment, flexible transport and taxi systems, bus services,
express services, information and awareness raising. Finally, action in these
areas is particularly important in addressing health inequalities, including
disability-related issues.

 

 

 

 

13) Percentage
of local materials use

 

The
construction sector, which is directly related to the construction of buildings,
homes and infrastructure such as transport, communications, water supply etc.,
is a prerequisite for the proper economic and social development of each
country and the achievement of sustainability at a global level.

Buildings
account for a huge percentage, about 40% of the total energy consumption, while
the sustainability of construction concerns mainly technical matters, such as
the type of local materials and energy saving as well as the reduction of the
overall environmental impact.

The sustainability
of a building must be local and renewable in order to contribute to the
creation of an ecologically responsible world. It must be built using locally
viable materials such as materials that can be used without negative effects on
the environment and produced locally, reducing the need for transport and
transport and, at the same time, emissions of gases into the atmosphere.

Bahrain’s
nature offers some wonderful building materials, some of which are renewable
resources such as stones and sand. And because these materials require little
processing or transportation, environmental and economic costs are low.

 

Of course
the usage of other materials was used. Below is the list of the building
materials.

 

Concrete

4000cubic
meter

Steel
reinforcement

730
tonnes

Cement

1600
tonnes

Stone
and sand

7400
tonnes

Water

1600
litre

 

 

14) Percentage
of harvest timber use

 

The forest,
as we all know, is trees, bushes and other various plants and animal organisms
that, together with soil and climate, are in constant influence and dependence
on each other. Forests offer various forest species such as the necessary wood for
production, produces significant amounts of biomass, binds energy and carbon
dioxide releasing oxygen and moisture, which affects the microclimate
positively but also the air quality.

It also
offers a variety of operations at a global level, including the control of
water erosion and control, the cultivation of water resources, the limitation
of global warming from CO2 absorption, and the conservation of biodiversity.

Forests
offer wood for the construction of houses/buildings, biomass for fuel, wood,
medicines and many other products. Timber is a renewable, recyclable, natural
resource and a major factor in economic, social and cultural development.

Nevertheless,
it is up to us both to preserve existing forests and sustainable wood, as the
climatic and soil conditions favour the development and expansion of forests.

Sustainable
timber refers to logs that have been harvested responsibly. This requires that
when a tree is cut for use, another one is planted to replace it. However,
“Sustainable forestry” means more than replacing trees such as
harvesting – it also includes ensuring that there is no ecological damage to
the environment.

The
harvesting of forest products refers to:

 

·      
Tree
dropping

·      
Decay

·      
Shredding

·      
Peeling

·      
Log
shifting

·      
Firewood
transport.

 

Wood
products can still be used effectively even after they have served their
purpose. For example, timber can be reused after building demolition.

Wood can
also be used as a fuel. In this way, coal is retained until the wood products
used as biomass fuel to produce electricity.