One that the plane have been hijacked by

One fine morning you turn on
your TV, begin exchanging between channels. Abruptly, you stop on an
exceptionally prevalent news channel featuring that some gathering of
oppressors have assaulted a school and begin firing on little youngsters,
slaughtering them in a gigantic number, you begin to feel something. On another
fine morning, exchanging between the channels you find that a religious place
have been shelled, bringing about passing of many people. This time you were
going on a plane and you hear a debilitating announcement that the plane have
been hijacked by a few oppressors and they have requested to discharge an
accomplice of them who was caught by the government some time back. You all of
a sudden will experience an unusual inclination upon yourself that is the
sentiment terror. Viewing a recording of a bomb impact or a mass executing of
innocents, you get a similar inclination, and every single such action that
influences you to feel fear is known as ‘Terrorism’. You may
find the definition of terrorism in the dictionary as, ‘the utilization of
brutality and dangers to threaten or constrain, particularly for political
purposes.’
Terrorism means the use of aggression to fright the noble nation. Those who are
spreading the terrorism are called terrorists. Terrorists are everywhere and
there are those people who are not patriot and they have no mercy in their
hearts for others. There are many brutality that are causing of terrorism like
bomb blasting, target killing, hijacking, etc. All these ways enhance the
fright in our hearts and deadly disturb our lives and when in any country these
things raise their heads the peace is gone and there is the arrival of fear. So
it can be stated that the terrorism is the mother of all the social evils and
we should take up the call against this cause that will destroy the abilities
of upcoming generation. The word terrorism, in and
of itself, was first used during the French Revolution’s Reign of Terror
(1793–1794). In the Reign of Terror, a group of rebels, the Jacobins, used the
term when self-reflexively revealing their own actions in, and explanations of,
the French Revolution. The Reign of Terror was a campaign of large-scale
violence by the French state; between 16,000 and 40,000 people were killed in a
little over a year. Over the years we find more than 200 different definitions
of the word terrorism. Schmid and Jongman were two researchers from
Netherlands, who conducted the research to find out the best definition of
terrorism. In their results they identified the main components as the concept
of violence emerged in 83.5% of definitions; political goals emerged in 65%;
causing fear and terror in 51%; arbitrariness and indiscriminate targeting in
21%; and the victimization of civilians, non-combatants, neutrals, or outsiders
in 17.5%.

Some known scholars
and institutions define terrorism as follows,
-Walter Liqueur: “Terrorism is the use or the
threat of the use of violence, a method of combat, or a strategy to achieve
certain targets… It aims to induce a state of fear in the victim that is
ruthless and does not conform to humanitarian rules… Publicity is an essential
factor in the terrorist strategy.”
– Bruce Hoffman: “Terrorism is ineluctably political in aims and
motives, violent—or, equally important, threatens violence, designed to have
far-reaching psychological repercussions beyond the immediate victim or target,
conducted by an organization with an identifiable chain of command or
conspiratorial cell structure (whose members wear no uniform or identifying
insignia), and perpetrated by a subnational group or non-state entity.”
– Yonah Alexander: terrorism is “the use of violence against random
civilian targets in order to intimidate or to create generalized pervasive fear
for the purpose of achieving political goals.”
– League of Nations Convention Definition of Terrorism (1937): terrorist
acts are “all criminal acts directed against a State and intended or calculated
to create a state of terror in the minds of particular persons or a group of
persons or the general public.”
– U.S. Department of Defence Definition of Terrorism: terrorism refers
to “the calculated use of unlawful violence or threat of unlawful violence to
inculcate fear; intended to coerce or to intimidate governments or societies in
the pursuit of goals that are generally political, religious, or ideological.”
– U.S. Department of State: terrorism is “premeditated, politically
motivated violence perpetrated against non-combatant targets by subnational
groups or clandestine state agents.”

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We can compare the
difference between the terrorism from the start uptil now by these four waves
of terrorism, these waves basically tells us that how the terrorism have
evolved along with time. The First Wave was in the late nineteenth and mid
twentieth century. The Second Wave was the colonial wave, restricted to
national geological limits from 1921 until today. The Third Wave was the
contemporary wave; it presented universal psychological warfare, crossing
national limits, which started in the 1960s. The September 11, 2001 fear based
oppressor assaults offered ascend to the Fourth Wave of fear based oppression
(both for the U.S. what’s more, countries around the world). The Fourth Wave is
symbolized by religious avocation for slaughtering, global scope, unparalleled
shocking strategies and weapons, and reliance on innovations of advancement.
The last comprises of correspondences, simplicity of worldwide travel (i.e.,
moving crosswise over fringes), and openness to funds and WMDs (weapons of mass
devastation). In the Fourth Wave, terrorism has achieved a worldwide stage. The
utilization of any weapon is reasonable.
Now that we know what terrorism actually is and how have it evolved in along
with the time, we will move toward its impacts. Terrorism have its impacts
nationally and internationally as well, some of the major impacts that
terrorism causes is the disruption in a country’s prosperity and sovereignty.
Along with that it creates an image of negativity among the whole world for the
victimized state. Terrorism causes a state many of its precious lives, apart
from that impacting it socially, economically and politically.

Any discussion concerning acts of terror has to
begin with the September 11, 2001 attack.  By any measure, it was the most
brazen and deadliest terrorist attack in recorded history.  Initiated by
an extremist organization named Al Qaeda, and its leader
Osama bin Laden, the attack led to America’s current War on
Terror.

The attack itself was a coordinated affair: nineteen members of Al
Qaeda managed to hijack four airliners.  Two of these planes were crashed
into New York City’s World Trade Centre.  A third plane was crushed into
the Pentagon in Washington DC.  The fourth plane, which is believed to
have been headed for targets in Washington DC as well, crashed into a field in
Summerset County, Pennsylvania, after passengers attempted to regain control of
the plane from the hijackers. This attack resulted in loss of lives equating to
a huge number of more than 2990 and injuries to nearly 9000 people. According
to the Institute for the Analysis of Global Securities, the economic loss
suffered by USA was of four aircrafts valued $385 million, the destruction of
major buildings costed from $3 billion to $4.5 billion, the damage to pentagon
equalled $1 billion and the property and infrastructure damage was equal to $10
billion to $13 billion. This was not the only impact of 9/11, the major and the
most dominant impact of 9/11 terrorism was the social one, which changed the
image of Muslims around the world. Just because a terrorist organization,
Al-Qaeda, that self-proclaimed to be Muslims were involved in this attack the
social impact caused Muslims all over the United States to suffer creating a
social discrimination among Islam and other religions, while the religion of
Islam, advocates freedom, peace and mutual agreement and admonishes aggression.
The following verses make it very clear.

“And do not aggress; GOD dislikes the
aggressors”. (Quran 5:87)

“You shall resort to pardon, advocate tolerance, and disregard the ignorant”.
(Quran: 7:199)

“You shall not kill any person, for GOD has
made life sacred — except in the course of justice.” (Quran17:33)

 

After
this general and worldwide concept of terrorism and its impacts, lets inspect
Pakistan, a state that have constantly being fighting with this terrorism. At
show the gravest issue that Pakistan is confronting is terrorism. It has turned
into a migraine for organization and a bad dream for open. However, it is a
worldwide issue yet Pakistan needs to hold up under its burden. Pakistan’s
contribution in the War on Terror has facilitated to fuel the fire. We are
confronting war like circumstance against the fear based oppressors. This
overwhelming circumstance is caused because of a few variables. These variables
includes social injustice, financial dissimilarity, political instability,
religious narrow mindedness and furthermore outer hands or worldwide tricks. A
modest bunch of individuals who have their wicked interests to satisfy, have
taken incalculable innocent lives as well as shredded the genuine picture of
Islam before the world through their terrible demonstrations. Terrorist acts
like suicide bombings have turned into a standard of the day. Because of these
assaults Pakistan is experiencing ingrained misfortune running from civil to
monetary. Individuals have turned out to be numerical figures, increased in
numbers after small time span. Terrorists have infected everyplace including
Bazars, mosques, instructive organizations, workplaces, lodgings, no place is
protected any longer.

Some
major causes of this terrorism in Pakistan are,

1,
Injustice, illiteracy, poverty and dissatisfaction are the key actors in the
causes that breed terrorism in Pakistan, when people are not given justice they
have no option other than to opt for violent actions, hence injustice drags
them to the swamp of terrorists organizations. More than one in five men aged
15 to 24 is unable to read and write, such high illiteracy rate has made
Pakistan vulnerable to terrorism. Province of Baluchistan and the tribal areas
have been neglected and resulting in the major source of terrorist organization
setup. Poverty harbour terrorism as it is said that, ‘a hungry man is an angry
man.’ Majority of people in Pakistan live below the poverty line. In the
extreme situation some reach the level of extremism and even commit suicide,
terrorists can easily hire their services and they easily became prey for them.
Dissatisfaction against the rules and norms of a country or a state even lead
towards terrorism, a person thinks he is being deprived of his rights and is
being humiliated, he has been convicted as wrongly prisoned and his life has
not been compensated. Such person joins an organization, whose aim is to
destroy his thought even more.

2,
The soviet Afghanistan war was the most basic occasion in charge of spreading
militancy and intolerance in Pakistan. A major change that adjusted the very
character of Pakistani society happened after foundation of the soviet
supported socialist administration in Afghanistan. The result of the soviet
withdrawal uncovered the harm, change of viciousness and Weaponisation into
Pakistani society. It eventually tormented Pakistan with another pattern
normally alluded as “Kalashnikov Culture” and
“Talbanisation”.

2, Religious Madrassah isn’t something new for the
Islam or our nation. In any case, after Russian invasion on Afghanistan it took
another dimension. They were being utilized as enlistment habitats for jihadis.
A great many Mujahedeen were prepared and sent to Afghanistan for purported
jihad. After the fall of Russia, a sizeable number of the jihadis who came back
to Pakistan got engaged with terrorist militant exercises.

 Religious intolerance is another factor which
is stoking the fire of terrorism. Youth, taught through religious Madrassahs,
are influenced with outrageous thoughts. They wind up noticeably bigoted
towards different religions and even different factions of their own religion.
They force their own particular extraordinary thoughts and vent their
enthusiasm exhaustive rough activities. Narrow mindedness makes society wild.
It is demonstrating destruction for social agreement, political steadiness, and
financial development.

3,
this religious radicalism took another state of psychological warfare after
9/11. After the occurrence of 9/11 suicide shelling in Pakistan has turned into
a standard of the day. The American intrusion and control of Afghanistan, and
in addition the military operation in Pakistan, alongside the American
automaton assaults, have served to fuel religious radicalism prompting brutal
response. The breakdown of state structures in Afghanistan made a void which
was immediately filled by gatherings and people who willingly volunteered
proceed with the lost fight. Some of them likewise meddled into Pakistani
ancestral regions, consequently welcoming the US dismay. Flushing out these
outside contenders by Pakistani security powers made Pakistan a fight ground,
as remote activists and some of their neighbourhood has, held hands to counter
the security powers. The drone strikes have expanded hostile to Americanism in
Pakistan culture and the locale. The terrorists have utilized full damage that
they can cause to the environment. Groups of individuals murdered in
inadvertent blow-back end up noticeably perfect nursery for suicide bombers. In
Pakistan culture drone attacks are famously accepted to have caused much more civil
personnel causalities than is really the case. The perseverance of these
assaults on A Pakistani area is consistently making open shock and estranging
individuals from government and Army. The drone is a strategic weapon and has
positively given great outcomes strategically to help coalition forces operation
on their sides of the border yet deliberately history has numerous unanswered
inquiries.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Refrences:-
1, www.iags.org/costof911.html
2, https://www.sagepub.com/sites/default/files/upm-binaries/51172_ch_1.pdf

3, http://www.cssforum.com.pk/css-compulsory-subjects/essay/essays/54746-essay-terrorism-pakistan-its-causes-impacts-remedies.html