Obesity negative impact of obesity as a key

Obesity has raised as a worldwide
epidemic, Obesity and related consequences have been gained increased attention
in part because of huge financial costs and impact on health, families, and
communities. These concerns have made it to become the forefront of scientific
and mainstream media. All of us are now recognizing the need for more robust
strategies and effective interventions to better assess and treat obesity.

Obesity is the “excess deposition of
adipose tissue to extent that impairs physical and psychosocial health as well
as well-being”. 1 Obesity a global health problem affecting subjects
of all ages. Fighting obesity is one of the 21st century major
challenges.  Falling obese triggers the vicious
cycle of obesity-exercise intolerance, the stat in which obese subjects assumes
the sedentary life style. 2

Central (abdominal) obesity is strongly correlated with
increased cardiovascular risks and other metabolic disturbances, even more than
total body adipose mass. 3,
4 Obesity-related chronic conditions cause direct and indirect
health care costs. Increasing BMI is tightly linked to increased medication
use, visits to hospital emergency departments, and visits to outpatient clinics
5, 6 Furthermore; all major
health risks are in parallel with increased measures of abdominal obesity. 7

Obesity is commonly linked with increased disability risk and
health-related costs 8,
9 Functional performance and physical ability are usually deteriorated
in obese subjects 10,
11 Developed as well as developing world are all suffering the
negative impact of obesity as a key risk factor for other debilitating disorders
as diabetes, cancer, osteoarthritis and cardiovascular events. The obesity-related
dysfunctions affect not only adults -as was previously seen-; but also
affecting young age groups. Childhood and adolescent hood obesity is associated
with early physical deconditioning as well as later increase in health hazards.

Obesity related medical problems
affect very huge number which exceed 115 million individuals according to WHO
in developing countries. Moreover; these disorders will be the number one of
death cause among these population by 2030. 12 Obesity is the fifth leading threat for
deaths worldwide. Approximately 2.8 million adults die annually because of
being obese. 13
According to Nugent
(2008), nearly a half of deaths number in the developing world are
due to chronic diseases related to obesity that exceeds the 40 % mortality rate
from communicable disease and 11% percent mortality rate from injury. 14

Middle Eastern countries of Bahrain,
Saudi Arabia, Egypt, Jordan, Tunisia, and Lebanon  exhibit alarming prevalence levels of
obesity. 15, 16
Gulf Cooperation Council (GCC; Saudi Arabia, Bahrain, Qatar, Oman,
Kuwait and United Arab Emirates) countries have one of the highest prevalence
of obese adults ranging from 10-60%. Saudi Arabia has the second highest
prevalence of obesity (50%) after Kuwait. 17 Obesity becomes one of the most alarming
public health problems in in Saudi Arabia. 18, 19

Control of obesity is essential to
reduce the frequency of other serious disorders. The primary concern in obesity
management is reduction of morbidity and mortality risks by improving the
underlying cardiovascular risk factors 15, 20 since the prevalence of obesity is
significantly elevated in patients with various chronic disorders. 21 Obesity treatment should be individually
tailored, comprehensive programs for the treatment of obesity derived from
evidence-based medicine can be only established through multidisciplinary team
work and availability of collaborating facilities. 22 prevalence of obesity recently grows
in an alarming manner in Saudi Arabia, especially in young generations, the
situation that requires larger national studies that should target implementing
more effective preventive and therapeutic strategies required to alleviate the
burden of this obesity epidemic. 23

Laser based devices are used in a broad array of medical and
surgical applications and their biological effects have been documented for
over 20 years. Quiet recently low-level laser therapy (LLLT) has been used to
facilitate tissue repair and healing processes as well as treatment of
localized (abdominal) obesity. 24 High Level Laser Therapy; a more recent laser
application modality; had been quiet recently investigated for its efficacy.
HLLT can be more effective than LLLT due to its more intense and deeper effects
25, 26, 27