conclusion I have learned that genetic engineering can be transferred from
different organisms into bacteria then stored and modified, creating genetically
modified bacteria in the process. This can be extremely helpful to farmers when
it comes to creating bacteria being resistant to certain viruses, which farmers
can spray over fields of crop making them resistant to many of the viruses such
as Tungro which
is one of the most destructive virus diseases to effect rice crops. This
disease affects all growth stages of the rice plant so causes devastation when
it is spread across the rice crop, due to them being so close to each other so
the virus can destroy a whole field within a week.
One of the best-known applications of genetic engineering is the creation of
genetically modified food. This allows poor people in LEDC’s to take in many
different nutrients in with one bite of food instead of spending money they don’t
have on food they can’t afford, this scientific miracle has allowed thousands
to be saved from malnourishment and hunger.
Engineering is a great importance because the vast use of it in different
medical fields. Genetic engineering is used to produce mass amounts of medicine
such as insulin, human growth hormones, Follistim human albumin, monoclonal
antibodies, Antihemophilic factors, vaccines and other medical drugs which are
in demand. Some diseases can kill hundreds overnight so mass production of medicine
countering these diseases is important and now possible due to genetic engineering
and has saved hundreds of lives.
applications of genetic engineering can be expected to be a fruitful one as
We can expect to see beneficial effects in agriculture, engineering
crops to endure better the effects of climate change and rely less on spraying
crops with pesticides hoping for the best due to crops increasingly being
engineered to resist pathogens most likely to affect them.
Genes play a role in a wide range of diseases. Editing and engineering
genes opens up the door for people to have personalized medicine, tailored to everyone’s
own DNA which is hard at the moment due to everyone having different and unique
DNAs. With regards to industrial applications then genetically engineered
microbes in contained systems produce everything from medicines to biofuels so
the possibilities are practically endless.