Child I saw my country Ghana where child

Child
labor should be banned in all countries no matter the children’s living
situation. When most of us hear about child labor, we know it refers to the
employment of children in work places that deprives children of their
childhood, education, mental, physical or harmful to their health.  

There
are 168 million children in the world that are trapped in child labor, which is
almost 11 percent of the overall child population in the world. There are 100 million
boys and 68 million girls engaged in child labor. Almost half of these kids are
involved in dangerous work that could harm their health or lead to death. It is
said that nearly 60 percent of child labor are trapped in agriculture.

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I chose this map from the article
because it represents the most common products kids work on during child labor
in certain countries.

Looking
on the map I saw my country Ghana where child labor also occurred. I lived in
the city so I did not know much or learn about the suffrage of these kids in my
country. I know my teachers used to say if you don’t learn hard or go to school
you will end up like the kids on the streets so I thought the kids I see on the
streets where either dropout or their after-school jobs to help their parents.
This is how I saw it and didn’t visualize it as child labor until I came across
an article of a girl from Ghana who was involved in child labor. She is young
teenage age girl called Mabel. She found herself in child slavery at a very
young age. When Mabel was very young, her mum passed away so she had no choice
but to be sent to western Africa, a country called Ghana. She was sent to her
grandparents in the village where she thought she could find a better live
because everyone loves grandma than the actual parents. But in this situation,
her grandparents were poor. Since her grandparent where unable to take care of
her, she was sent to a lake where she worked for 17 hours and later in the day
cooked for the other workers to eat. Every night, she prayed there would be a
storm so she would not have to go to work. This article really touched my
heart. Living in Ghana I have seen kids on the streets sell while their mates
go to school I have seen poor living conditions but still manage to take their
kids to school because of the free education system we have in Ghana. However,
the free education is as bad as being an illiterate so I understand why they
lead their kids into hand working carriers like, sewing, hair making catering,
mechanic and many more. These jobs don’t require any level of education. All
you need is your own shop or place in the market to start your business. These
jobs usually help keep a family from poverty.

 

looking at the second map, it tells
me where most of the products I eat and wear are made from scratch. Taking the
cocoa for example, these children work on these cocoa plantations all day and
night just for me and you to enjoy a chocolate bar. Isn’t that sad we enjoy
things that are made by children that could be our younger siblings? The cotton
fabrics we wear, the golden jewelries we own, the coffee we drink and many more
items these kids work on for our needs and wants. This shouldn’t be any child’s
job to provide us with items we use in our everyday lives. I believe we don’t
see it because most of these items are well processed before we buy them, and
we end up giving the credit to a company or the person who designed these
items.

The table below is the list of
goods produced by child labor or forced labor. There are more countries and
goods these kids work on. Reading the list was shocking.

Country

Goods

Exploitation
type

Afghanistan.

Coal,
flowers(poppies), bricks, carpets

Child
labor, forced labor

Ghana

Gold,
cocoa, fish

Child
labor, forced labor

 

I
have come to realize that there are many reasons to child labor but poverty is
one main reason why children end up in child labor or trafficking. Study has
showed that poor families may push their kids into child laboring to survive.
This usually happen in the developing countries where parents are unable to
help raise an income for their family due to lack of unemployment’s. “child
labour is considered as part of the household chores children do to help their
parents. I do not consider this child abuse because we are making money that is
used to pay their school fees”. This is a quote from a parent. If a child has
to work in unsafe environment that can harm their health sake of paying for
school fess to educate a child can go both ways. First, I think its ok if the
child is about 14 and works in a safe area to help pay their school fess since their
parents cannot do all. But then ask what kind of school are these kids getting
into. Is it impacting them? or will they graduate still being an illiterate.
But if the child is below 13 and they have to work in an unsafe environment,
then the child is being lead to an early death rate. This is when birth
controls and family planning comes to mind.

Family
planning this the key to gender equality and women empowerments. And it is also
the basic factor in reducing poverty. Yet in some developing countries, women
trying to avoid pregnancies are not practicing safe and effective family
planning methods. Most of these reasons range from not having access to
information or service to lack of support from their community, government or
partner. This Terrorize these women abilities to plan and build a better future
for themselves, their children, and communities.

About
214 million women in developing countries are trying to prevent their
pregnancies but they are not introduced to the modern-day contraceptives that
can help them reduce pregnancies. 84 percent of all accidental pregnancies in
the developing countries are from southern Asia and sub-Saharan Africa. If
these women have access to the contraceptives, birth rate would have dropped
from 89 million to 22 million per year and if abortion is included, then it
will drop from 48 million to 13 million per year. these developing countries
don’t even have access to free condoms. Condoms are being sold, and to get one
is even a problem because the sellers always see the buyers as fornicators or
will even ask so many questions when they see you look young. This prevent
couples and teenagers to practice safe sex. This all goes back to poverty and
how it leads children to work in unhealthy environment to help their families.
If birth control was introduced to these women, then it can cut down the number
of children couples produce. This can help reduce poverty and focus on less
kids rather than more kids. the more children one has; the more attention and
money is used on these kids. “Guttmacher estimates that for each dollar
invested in expanded contraception access, global health funds would save $2.30
that would have otherwise been spent on care for unintended pregnancies.”  I really agree with her on that. Women in these
countries need to be introduced to these birth controls to help avoid
pregnancies which lead to child labor because they can’t afford enough money to
take care of their kids.

This map shows the type of contraceptives and
the country in which is commonly used all over the world.

Low
aspiration is also another because this is the fact that parent believe it is
only a certain region or group of people that can afford an education to be
successful. So, their mindset is on since I can’t provide that amount of money why
not put my kids in a position where they can make money and help the family. Literacy
is also another concern when it comes to child labor. Since the parents can’t
provide a high cost of education, they then lead them to working at a young age
or maybe taking them to an early marriage this usually happens when the other
families provide them with promises like taking their kids to school or
providing a good job for them to help support their families.

This is a story I found of two kids
that survived child trafficking. Lina is a victim of child trafficking in
Thailand. At the age of 10, Lina was taken from her parents in Cambodia where
her family lives, her traffickers took her away from her parent to sell on the
streets.  They premised to send their
parents a percentage of what Lina makes to feed the families at home. When they
got to Thailand, poor Lina was sent to the streets to make sales. While her
mates where in school getting an education. During the night time, Lina stood
outside nightclubs for long hours selling flowers and candies to tourist. Her
trafficker took her earnings and beat her miserably wen the sales where low.
After two years of being on the streets, her trafficker decided to go back to
her parents and get her little eight-year-old sister to join Lina in Thailand.
After days of abuse Lina decided they must escape so she asked one of the night
club workers to help them escape, he agreed and helped them. This ties back to
poverty and illiteracy. If the parents of these kids where not in a situation
where they cannot afford to take their kids to school then this could have been
prevented. But since they are also illiterates, they really do not understand
what their kids will be doing in another county. They settle for the fact that
their children will travel, work and go to school at the same time and bring
part of her salary for us to spend.

             After spending months in Thailand, the girls
retuned to Cambodia. “The
Damnok Toek Poipet Reception Centre for trafficked and abused children” gave
the two sister a place to live, food to eat and individual counseling and
schooling. Today they are back with their family. Lina decides to be a teacher
while her younger sister decides to be a nurse. The Damnok toek Reception
Centre in Poipet, Cambodi is an organization. that provides kids with benefits
like food and shelter, counselling, medical care and education. these benefits
are usually for kids that are victims of child trafficking or at high risked of
being trafficked. “The Centre aims to prevent children from being
re-trafficked, and whenever possible, it helps reintegrate trafficked children
into their families.” Not every child in this condition can escapee from their
trafficker and have this wonderful life. But luckily in Cambodia, they have an
organization that will help to when you are in such condition and even educate
you and they also provide health services. I think most countries should do the
same mostly the ones in Asia, and African continents. This will help most of
kids and end up with a bright future.

Child
labor should not be entertained at all it should be stopped for its it illegal.
Child labor can be prevented in many ways if the government of the developing
countries work together to stop it. I believe one best way to prevent it is by
providing free education for these kids for they are our future leaders and
life savers of the world. I also believe there should be a lot of job
opportunities for parents so that these kids won’t end up in child labor. Birth
control options need to be shared with families for them to weigh their
options.  In addition, business where
child labor occur should be banned and if a child need to work, it should start
from a certain age like 15 and above. Work should be limited and parents need
to work two times harder to prevent their children in unhealthy environment. Every
child deserves a happy childhood and bright future.

 

                                                     

 

 

 

 

 

 

 Work cited.

 A Child is Meant to Learn,
NOT to Earn! (n.d.). Retrieved January 16, 2018, from

https://humanitiesnihan.weebly.com/

 

Cauterucci, C. (2017, June 29). In Developing Nations, 214
Million Women Want to Prevent

Pregnancy But Have No
Contraception. Retrieved January 16, 2018, from
http://www.slate.com/blogs/xx_factor/2017/06/29/in_developing_nations_214_million_women_want_to_prevent_pregnancy_but_have.html

 

Family planning. (n.d.). Retrieved January 16, 2018, from http://www.unfpa.org/family-planning

 

List of Goods Produced by Child Labor or Forced
Labor, www.dol.gov/ilab/reports/child-

labor/list-of-goods/.

 

P.
(n.d.). United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime. Retrieved January 11, 2018,
from

http://www.unodc.org/unodc/en/frontpage/2013/June/world-day-against-child-labour-_-

two-stories-of-hope.html

 

Quick
Facts About Child Labor. (n.d.). Retrieved January 10, 2018, from

https://www.compassion.com/poverty/child-labor-quick-facts.htm

 

Superdrug. Birth
Control Around the World: Mapping Methods of Contraception | Superdrug™,

onlinedoctor.superdrug.com/birth-control-around-the-world/.

 

V.
(2017, February 24). Child Labor: Meaning, Causes, Effects, Solutions.
Retrieved January 11,

2018, from https://www.importantindia.com/25558/child-labour-meaning-causes-effects-

solution/

 

Wijen,
F., & Dr Frank Wijen is an associate professor at the Rotterdam School of
Management,

Erasmus University. (2015, August 26). Banning
child labour imposes naive western

ideals on complex problems. Retrieved January
15, 2018, from

https://www.theguardian.com/sustainable-business/2015/aug/26/ban-child-labour-

developing-countries-imposes-naive-western-ideals-complex-problems

 

 

ZISSOU,
REBECCA. “MODERN-DAY SLAVERY: Tens of Millions of People around the

World, Including Children, Are
Forced to Work as Slaves. What Can Be Done to Help Them?” Junior
Scholastic, 11 Dec. 2017, p. 14. EBSCOhost,
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