1 It is located in the central region

1          
CONSTITUENCY BACKGROUND INFORMATION

 

1.1        
Introduction

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This section
provides the background information on the socio-economic and infrastructural
information that has a bearing on the growth of the constituency. The section
provides description of the constituency in terms of the location, size,
physiographic and natural conditions, demographic profiles as well as the
administrative and political units. In addition, it provides information on
infrastructure and access; land and land use; community organizations/non-state
actors; crop, livestock and fish production; forestry, environment and climate
change; mining; tourism; employment and other sources of income; water and
sanitation; health access and nutrition, education and literacy, trade energy,
housing, transport and communication, community development and social welfare.

 

1.2        
Geographical location and size

Kabete
Constituency is one of the five constituencies in the Kiambu County. It is
located in the central region and covers a total area of 232.7 Km2. Kabete
is situated on the western side of Nairobi and South East of Kajiado County.

 

1.3        
Physiographical and Natural conditions

1.3.1       
Physical &
Topographical features

Kabete is in the lower
highland zone of Kiambu’s Topographical zones. Hills, plateaus and high
elevating plains characterize it. The area lies between 1500-1800 meters above
sea level.

It is covered by
well-drained volcanic loan soils that support crop farming. The climate is cool
and wet with short rains in August and September. The long rains come in April
making it a high agricultural potential area. Besides subsistence, farming
there is a commercial farming being carried out in the constituency.

The mean temperature is
26 degrees Celsius ranging from 7 degrees Celsius – 34 degrees Celsius.

 

1.3.2       
 Administrative units

Currently the
constituency is divided into 5 wards namely:

Gitaru Ward

Muguga Ward

Nyadhuna Ward

Kabete ward

Uthiru Ward

1.4        
Population density and distribution

Kabete constituency has
the highest population currently at 2534 persons/KM2.  This is due to proximity to Nairobi city.

The constituency has slightly
more females than the males but the ratio is 50:50.

The population of those
less than 18years in the constituency is 46% while those aged between 18 to 55
years account for 36%. Those above 55 years are at 18%. 0 -4 and 20-24 age
groups form the highest populations in the constituency.

1.5        
 Political Units

Kabete constituency has
five electoral wards. Eligible and registered voters as at December 2013 was
88,761/- and 62,174- consecutively.

1.6        
Infrastructure access

1.6.1       
Roads

Kabete has an extensive
road network. The constituency has 54.35 kilometers of tarmacked roads
distributed amongst five locations.

1.6.2       
Roof and floor
types

93% of
people in Kabete use ribbed iron sheets for roofing. This provides a good
opportunity to harvest rainwater. The common use cement and gravel for their
floors though there is an uproar of tiles and wood with the recent urbanization
of the area.

1.6.3       
Energy and
lighting.

With the flagship of
the rural electrification project in Kenya. Most people in Kabete use
electricity. It is ranked among the top nationally in regard to the extent of
electricity coverage. However, people still use charcoal, firewood and paraffin
as their source of fuel. Gas and electricity is still minimally used.

1.6.4       
Post and
Telecommunication

There is one main post
office in Kabete at Uthiru with other subsidiary collection points within the
Constituency. Telephone network is available in most of the places. Other means
of communication are mobile phones and the internet. Mobile telephone boosters
are present especially along the highway and other major roads making
communication easy and there enhancing socioeconomic development.

1.7        
Economic Activities

Kabete has been ranked the least poor
constituency out of the 290 constituencies nationally. It has the lowest
percentage of people living below the poverty line in Kiambu County .

Agriculture and business are the main
economic activities. The main agricultural products are maize, potatoes, kales,
cabbages, carrots and peas that are sold in Nairobi’s Wakulima market. Most
farmers do zero grazing. Animals kept include dairy cattle, poultry and pigs.

1.8        
Education

There are approximately
60 primary schools with an enrolment of approximately 28,145 pupils. It has a
high concentration of private schools. There is an imbalance of opportunity
between boys and girls in Kabete, in quality of education facilities as well as
in education performance.

There are more girls’
schools than boys’ schools in the area. On average, more girls than boys
register for higher education. Boy’s education is therefore a key priority.

 

2          
Governance

Kabete current Member of Parliament is Honorable George Mukuru
Muchai elected in August 2017.

CDFC Members are:

Ø  Benson Eric Kamau Ruguru        Male
youth representative member.

Ø  Paul Kinyanjui Gitau                   Male
Adult representative member.

Ø  Cnythia Muchiri Gathugu            Female
youth representative member.

Ø  Miriam Muthoni Njehia               Female
adult representative member.

Ø  Evanson Buro Kugomo               Representative
of people living with disability member.

Ø  John Njuguna Njau                      Nominee
of the constituency office male member.

Ø  Jane Muthoni Nyoko                   Nominee
of the constituency office female member.

2.1        
Key features, resources available
and how wealth can be increased.

2.1.1       
Key features,
resources available

ü  Its proximity to Nairobi hence ready markets for farm produce.

ü  Availability of small industries.

ü  Supportive institutions like banks.

ü  Availability of human resource and many professionals who settle
in the constituency from different parts of Kenya.

ü  Extensive road network including the Nairobi Nakuru highway.

ü  Committed leadership.

ü  Existence of many women groups.

ü  Good community policing networks.

ü  Many health care facilities and adequate number of educational
facilities.

ü  Adequate rainfall.

ü  Rich soils for agriculture.

ü  An entrepreneurial spirit among people.

2.1.2       
How wealth can
be increased.

Kabete being an arid
part, it contains diatomite deposits that are unexploited. There is therefore
great need for investment in the area to determine economic viability of the
deposits.

Also
with good governance and accountability of CDF he constituency can improve its
wealth